The territory dedicated to the production of genuine local wine in the Province of Mantua is extremely varied but it is possible to identify two distinct terrior regions:
- The Colline Moreniche (morainic hills) represent the area that extends into the South-Eastern part of the morainic amphitheatre and encloses the basin of Garda Lake, creating a suggestive chain of low rising hills in the Northern area in the Province of Mantova.
The morainic hills offer a terrain of blended clay and stone gravel that is deep and well drained. The soil is mainly composed of limestone and red clay. The proximity to Lake Garda significantly influences the climate that remains mild year round. The daily mild thermal variations and light exposure are perfect for the maturation of grapes with a complex bouquet, balanced tartness and tantalizing aromas. The terrain gives an unmistakable sapid mark of minerals to these wines, especially the white wines, which have a vein of earthiness, a unique characteristic of the terrior.
The morainic hills are renowned for both still and sparkling varieties as well as the prestigious sweet passito wine. The area also has the Italian DOP and IGP quality regulation certification to ensure product quality and authenticity.
- The Oltrepò Mantovano represents the other vast area of Mantuan wine production. It is spread out over the extensive area of the Padana Plains stretching from Viadana to Sermide and represents the territory with the oldest vinicultural tradition in Mantova. The terrain is characterized by its purely clayey soil typical of the lower Mantuan area, on the banks of the Po river. The climate is Mediterranean with hot summers and cold winters.
The main product is the world famous DOP Mantuan Lambrusco, characterized by two distinct mini terriors in the Southern part of the Province of Mantova: The Viadanese-Sabbioneta area on the left side of the Po river, and the so-called Oltrepò Mantovano on the right side of the river, creating two very different types of Lambrusco for both color and density.
Specifically, the Viadanese-Sabbioneta Lambrusco uses the typical autochthonous grape variety Lambrusco Viadanese (produced by the communities of Viadana and Sabbioneta) while in the Oltrepò Mantovano there is a autochthonous variation to the variety Grappello Ruberti (Suzzara, Gonzaga, Pegognaga, Moglia, Quistello, San Benedetto Po, Revere, Poggio Rusco, Sermide).
Mantuan Lambrusco, full bodied and authentic, has the specific characteristics conferred on it by rich, damp clayey soil, pulled from the dominion of water thanks to the extensive works of land reclamation carried out over the centuries, dating back to the works of Benedictine monks. In particular Viadanese Lambrusco is fuller bodied and richer than the Oltrepò Mantovano, which denotes a greater lightness and more ample bouquet.